By Geoff Rayner-Canham

British chemistry has characteristically been depicted as a exclusively male recreation. notwithstanding, this angle is unfaithful: the attract of chemistry has attracted ladies because the earliest occasions. regardless of the obstacles positioned of their direction, ladies studied educational chemistry from the Eighties onwards and made fascinating or major contributions to their fields, but they're nearly absent from ancient records.Comprising a distinct set of biographies of a hundred of the 900 identified girls chemists from 1880 to 1949, this paintings makes an attempt to handle the imbalance by way of showcasing the choice of those ladies to outlive and flourish in an atmosphere ruled via males. person biographical bills interspersed with modern charges describe how girls overcame the limitations of secondary and tertiary schooling, and of admission to expert societies. even though those girls are misplaced to ancient files, they're introduced jointly the following for the 1st time to teach vivid tradition of girl chemists did certainly exist in Britain throughout the overdue nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

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4). Freund and Hartle were among those who fought for girls to take mainstream (men’s) chemistry rather than domestic science. ” On the other hand, the argument of Smithells and Stern — that making chemistry relevant to girls’ lives would have broadened the appeal and usefulness of the subject — is as valid today as it was then. However, the majority of the activists insisted that for the good of future generations, it was necessary to have the same secondary chemistry as that for boys to enable their most talented girls to enter university chemistry degrees.

25 The formation of the GPDSC was the greatest success of the National Union for Improving the Education of Women of all Classes, widely known as the Women’s Educational Union. 1). These schools had an influence on the educational opportunities for girls far beyond their numbers, particularly in providing many of the entrants to universities. 26 In fact, the renown of NLCS as a model was such that each term there were visitors not only from the British Isles, but also from the European countries, Canada, Australia, the United States, China, and Japan.

Buss’ father, Robert, had taught the science classes in the early years, with the first qualified science teacher, Grace Heath,22 being hired in 1888. qxd 9/8/2008 9:37 AM Page 17 Getting an Education 17 student with Henry Armstrong (see Chap. 2) at the Central Technical College. Unfortunately, Heath died in 1895, her position passing to Rose Stern (see Chap. 2). Stern ensured that chemistry was a prominent subject at NLCS. ”23 There was a hand-written and illustrated student science magazine, The Searchlight, which mentioned Chemistry Club social events such as: “On Thursday, July 11th [1912], Miss Stern, Miss Drummond and the Science Sixth gave a party in the Old Laboratory.

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