By Christian Schittich
Unconventional ideas for reusing current constructions a subject that is changing into more and more renowned because of its budget friendly and ecological benefits, let alone the architectural and cultural factors.
A disused energy station is switched over right into a cultural centre, an previous barn is made right into a residential condo. throughout us we stumble upon structures whose unique function has rendered them out of date, and which now supply area for brand spanking new makes use of. artistic rules provide upward thrust to inspiring initiatives which call for unconventional innovations and a delicate method of the prevailing constructions. the development and construction specifications confronting the architect are as assorted and person because the structures themselves.
This booklet examines a variety of learned examples, highlighting profitable and cutting edge recommendations, from the rehabilitation of preserved monuments, to the maintenance or renewal of latest constructions, from the reuse of a gothic monastery or the previous business constructions of Fiat Lingotto to the preservation of constructions made up of precast concrete panels.
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Extra info for Building in Existing Fabric: Refurbishment, Extension, New Design (In Detail)
Since dampness in the brickwork had reduced the load-bearing capacity of the walls, the architects inserted a new steel structure, leaving a 60 cm space around the building between the steel columns and the inner faces of the external walls. The walls were also left exposed, which facilitates the drying out process and allows the brickwork to be kept under observation. One of the most striking features of the construction is the 45-metre-long wattle facade screen, which provides protection against driving rain and serves as a light filter.
In looking at a building, our perception is focused on the surfaces, which form bodies, areas and interior spaces. , thin iron window casements. Structures can display the material from which they are constructed as surface – for example, brick in exposed or fair-faced brickwork – or hide it behind plaster, coatings or panels with yet another wide range of material properties. The Einstein Tower by Erich Mendelsohn serves as a document that not all attempts in the early phase of modernism successfully translated building design into fitting structural uses of material: the curved forms of the tower consist of a plastered mixed structure composed of masonry and reinforced concrete (Fig.
The archives are located one floor below, half buried in the ground. From a distance, the ten-metrehigh walls enclosing the archives lend the church the appearance of a fortified structure. The closed concrete facade, which aroused a storm of protest in this traditionally minded city, has a warm golden coloration that matches the surrounding urban fabric. Visitors enter the complex through a tall, wide opening. The concrete floor slab within is raised above Roman and medieval excavations, allowing a view of these tokens of the past.