By Marija Gimbutas

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3, 3). Almost all metal artifacts used by the Pecica people and imitated by their northern neighbors have analogies or prototypes in the Near East between Egypt and northern Iran, the most numerous and closest parallels being along the Syrian-Palestinian coast and on Cyprus. These are: neck-rings with rolled ends, curved shank pins with knot heads, called Cypriote pins, or with simple spiral or loop heads, sheet-metal belt plates with rolled ends and embossed decoration, cylinders wound of thin copper wire, double-wire spiral rings, earrings with flattened ends, plain spiral bracelets, and double-spiral pendants.

C. when bronze artifacts in greater numbers spread even to the marginal areas. The five centuries or so preceding the European Bronze Age belong to the Chalcolithic period in most parts of Europe except the southern Carpathian basin and the Ponto-Caucasian region. , but is called "Copper Age". The Middle Bronze Age is marked in central Europe by growth and expansion of the Tumulus people, the heirs of the Early Bronze Age tJneticians. This entirely changed the cultural pattern and grouping in eastern central Europe.

Com Download Date | 11/15/12 12:07 PM 30 PART ONE: STUDY IN CHRONOLOGY disturbed deposits in stratigraphic sequences of the central and eastern European Bronze Age sites will have to be done in order to obtain the carbon-14 dates for many Bronze Age phases. The few dates available are already of great assistance since they correlate well with recent archaeological concepts. Absolute dates referred to in this monograph are mostly derived from the chronology of Greece. Mycenaean, Submycenaean, and Protogeometric connections are very important for establishing the central European Bronze Age chronology.

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