By Ian L. Freeston (auth.), Shoogo Ueno (eds.)

The overseas Symposium on Biomagnetic Stimulation used to be hung on July 15, 1991 on the foreign corridor of the Hakozaki campus of Kyushu collage in Fukuoka, Japan. It used to be a satellite tv for pc symposium to the realm Congress on clinical Physics and Biomedical Engi­ neering in Kyoto, which was once held July 7-11, 1991. winning magnetic stimulation of the human mind was once first said by way of Dr. Anthony Barker and his staff on the college of Sheffield within the uk, in could, 1985. after all, magnetic nerve stimulation have been studied and stated ahead of then, yet Dr. of profitable stimulation of the mind made a robust influence at the medical Barker's reviews group. seeing that then, magnetic nerve stimulation has been generally and speedily investigated by way of many teams in the course of the global. This symposium targeted totally on magnetic mind stimulation. Magnetic resonance imaging has turn into an fundamental process for medical diagno­ sis and scientific technology. the main complicated MRI concepts, corresponding to echo planar imaging, have the aptitude danger of stimulating nerve tissues end result of the quick swap of gradient magazine­ netic fields. strength hazards of MRI, together with issues of gradient magnetic fields, have been mentioned on the symposium. Magnetic stimulation of the center used to be additionally discussed.

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1982, Stimulation of nerve trunks with time-varying magnetic fields, Med Bioi Eng Comp 20:243-4. , 1910, A physiological effect of an alternating magnetic field, Proc R Soc Lond (Bioi) 82:396-8. , 1988, Localized stimulation of neural tissue in the brain by means of a paired configuration of time-varying magnetic fields, J Appl Phys 64:5862-4. 27 DISCUSSION Chairman Prof. A. Oberg: Thank you , Dr. Barker, for an excellent presentation. You certainly solved the problems that were transferred to you in an excellent way.

Direction of induced eddy current and neural excitation. When a nerve fiber is oriented parallel to the surface of the body as shown in (a) (b), Point A is excited. When a nerve fiber is inclined as shown in (c), Point A is easily excited. (© 1991 IEEE) We simulated the excitation of neural fibers as a function of direction of angle between figure-of-eight coil and nerve axon using the parameters of the Frank:enhaeuser-Huxley model [28]. We applied Roth and Basser's model [29] to our method of neural excitation elicited by focal and vectorial stimulation with a figure-of-eight coil.

Tashiro, S. Kamise, T. Oosako and K. , BD-3, St. Paul, Minnesota, (April 1985). S. Ueno, T. Tashiro, S. Kamise and K. Harada, Localized hyperthermia by means of a paired-coil configuration: calculation of current distributions in cubical model, IEEE Trans. , MAG-23: 2437-2439 (Sept. 1987). P. Reilly, Peripheral nerve stimulation by induced electric currents: exposure to time-varying magnetic fields, Medical & Bioi. Eng. & Comput. 27: 101-110 (March 1989). 28. 29. B. L. Huxley, The action potential in the myelinated nerve fiber of Xenopus Laevis as computed on the basis of voltage clamp data, J.

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