By Susan Pollock, Reinhard Bernbeck

Archaeologies of the center East offers an cutting edge advent to the archaeology of this interesting quarter and a window on either its previous and current.

  • Written by means of a few of the best archaeologists of the center East: students from different backgrounds with a variety of pursuits and highbrow approaches
  • Coverage spans 100,000 years: from the Paleolithic to Hellenistic times
  • Explores the connections among modern day politics and the social context of archaeological perform and diverse underutilized methods to archaeological interpretation
  • Designed for pupil use

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Extra resources for Archaeologies of the Middle East : critical perspectives

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Fought with the Hurri-Mittani, Egyptians and especially their internal enemy, the Kashkaeans, a sort of guerrilla group living in the mountains north of Hattusˇa. Hittite culture and religion display a tradition fundamentally different from Mesopotamia. The language was Indo-European, written in cuneiform (Zimansky, this volume). Deities were worshiped near springs and in rock chambers as well as at other prominent natural spots, and magic played an important role (Haas 1994; Klinger 2002). This necessitated unmanageably long travels and was finally solved by building numerous temples in the capital, requiring a considerable extension of the city (Neve 1996; Seeher 2002).

Others have investigated the historical trajectory of modes of production and their social implications, examining the organization of labor required to construct buildings and make pots, the implications of village layout, and the locations of productive activities and storage facilities (Bernbeck 1994, 1995). In the last decade there has been increased attention to patterns of subsistence and settlement during the later Neolithic, with the recognition that they were much more variable than once thought, including localized emphases on wild resources and different patterns of mobility (Akkermans 1993; Zeder 1994; Bernbeck et al.

Pp. 969–980. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. Belli, Oktay, 1999 The Anzaf Fortresses and the Gods of Urartu. Geoffrey D. Summers and Ayça Üzel, trans. Istanbul: Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları. Bernbeck, Reinhard, 1993 Steppe als Kulturlandschaft. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. Bernbeck, Reinhard, 1994 Die Auflösung der Häuslichen Produktionsweise: Das Beispiel Mesopotamiens. Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient Band 14. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. Bernbeck, Reinhard, 1995 Lasting Alliances and Emerging Competition: Economic Developments in Early Mesopotamia.

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