By Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei

This e-book makes a speciality of China’s city improvement. In China, the method of permitting extra rural migrants to develop into registered urban citizens in city components is still stagnant regardless of its value to the chinese language govt and the lifestyles of a countrywide consensus approximately it. towns can compulsorily buy land from farmers at low or perhaps no charges, and so much farmers, whose households have trusted the land to make a dwelling for generations, don't make the most of raises in land price. Breaking down the proven distributive approach of rights and privileges calls for laws and legislations enforcement. To this finish, we have to holiday in the course of the present development of pursuits and appreciate the "citizenization-relevant" rights of rural migrant workers.

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The term “social exclusion” originally referred to ethnic discrimination and prejudice characterized by complete or partial exclusion of ethnic minority groups by the ethnic majority group. Such discrimination and prejudice are built upon a policy basis laid intentionally by society, in which the dominant group already holds social powers and is unwilling to share them with others (Tang Jun 2009). Today, social exclusion of rural migrant workers by towns and cities is primarily manifested by overt institutional exclusion and covert ideological exclusion.

So far as China is concerned, this peak value may be around 85 % (Wei Houkai 2013), though some other researchers believe that it is around 70 % (the DFPSM 2012). 10 1 Overall Strategy for Promoting the Citizenization of Rural Migrant Workers 31 General Strategy Urbanization is essentially about people—a process of turning farmers into registered city residents. Citizenization is the core of urbanization, a basic requirement for building a modern civil society, and a generally-accepted practice worldwide.

6 % of all non-local migrant workers work in towns or cities (the Department of Rural Surveys, the NBS 2010). 5 % of them opt to stay there even if hukou-relevant restrictions remain (the DRC Research Team 2011). If 95 % of all non-local migrant workers work in towns or cities, 80 % of them wish to stay (or settle down) there, and 40 % of all local migrant workers work in areas administered by towns or wish to live there, then the total number of migrant workers that needed citizenization was about 158 million people in 2011 and 164 million people in 2012.

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