By R.A.S. Macalister

Archaeological proof this is used to aid building up an image of the lives led by means of the folks of which it's a list. The contents contain an outline of primitive settlements, best as much as an account of the artwork, exchange and civilization normally of early a long time ahead of the Celtic invasion and as much as the tip of Medieval instances. chapters take narratives from the time and examine them opposed to actual proof and examine what they let us know along that details. Many frequently ignored proof are delivered to the fore and distinctive realization is paid to the overpowering impression of weather in shaping human future. initially released in 1935, this e-book is as enlightening today.

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Extra info for Routledge Library Editions: Archaeology: Ancient Ireland: A Study in the Lessons of Archaeology and History

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As discovery follows discovery we are obliged to be more and more 3 22 ANCIENT IRELAND guarded in our assertions : and we cannot now, with any confidence, assert that there was ever a period of human occupation in Ireland (apart from the Campignian-Asturian episode) during which the use of metals was entirely unknown. If the newcomers had a Spanish origin, they were natives of one of the most richly metalliferous coun­ tries in Europe, and may have been fully prepared to deal with the metals of Ireland so soon as they found them.

There is also a wide range of technical skill. Flint chips are found so rude that it is next to impossible to be assured of their human workmanship, and quite impossible to classify them or to THE MEN OF THE HALBERD 23 determine for what purpose their maker designed them. On the other hand, some of the knives and arrow-points are miracles of technical skill, and indicate a rare com­ mand of the artificer over his material. Naturally, where flint was not available, as was the case over most of the country, and other stones were employed, the implements are technically less perfect.

He gives dimensions for all four chambers, but the breadth of the innermost chamber is said to have been only 2 ft. This is too small, and it does not agree with the scaled plan. Bell makes the four compartments of a uniform size, 9 ft long by 8 ft broad— practically the same as the 40 ANCIENT IRELAND dimensions of Vallancey's outermost chamber (9 ft 6 in. by 8 ft). Bell describes each chamber as being walled on the sides by a single upright slab. Vallancey draws his plan as though the passage was constructed of small-stone masonry ; but the section on an accompanying plate corroborates Bell's statement.

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