By Archibald Henry Sayce (editor)

Archibald Henry Sayce (1845-1933) was once an influential orientalist and philologist. He used to be a pioneering Assyriologist and released broadly at the background, faith, and literature of the Babylonian and Assyrian peoples. In 1891 he grew to become Professor of Assyriology at Oxford collage. the traditional Empires of the East (1883) is Sayce's version, 'with Notes, Introductions and Appendices', of the 1st 3 books of The Histories through the fifth-century Greek historian Herodotus, which concentrate on Egypt and Persia. In his preface Sayce states that because the box of oriental stories is 'growing daily' it's the target of his version to 'take inventory of our present wisdom' and 'see precisely what's the aspect to which our researches have introduced us'. even though his translation of Herodotus was once criticised on booklet as a result of inaccuracies, Sayce's attractiveness as an outstanding populariser of oriental philology, historical past and tradition remained intact.

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Additional info for Ancient Empires of the East: Herodotos I–III

Example text

Tlepcrecov fiev vvv ol Xoytot, <£>oiviica<; alrlov; (f>a

Where, therefore, a grammatical form may be considered to have been used throughout Ionia in the time of Herodotos by the concurrent testimony of the inscriptions found in various localities, we ought to have no hesitation in preferring it to the traditional form handed down in our texts, supposing this to be different. Thus, for example, the contracted form of the participle of dpi given here and there in the MSS. is clearly proved by the inscriptions to belong to a later period, and to have no right to appear in the pages of Herodotos.

155, /Z. 9, 402), iOrievvTO (iii. 136, II. 7, 443), iveeiKavro (vii. 125, the body of the narrative as in Herodotos), OVK dSaiJs dXX' 2/iiretpos (ii. 49 ; ep. Od. 2, 22. 10, 30), dpaTrX^crcu /ca/cd (v. 4, 7Z. ivi)V (iii. 14, CW. 6, 137),170), SriX-o/wvcs (ii. 74, Od. 18, 85), 8KUS KpoTa\l£av (ii. 60, H. 11, 160), KexapTlK&s re (ii. 108, like the Homeric b're re, Xva (iii. 27, 27. 7, 312), KovplSws (i. 135, 27. ), iroXvTpoirlri (ii. 121 e, Od. 1, 1), 113), \ai

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