By Philip F. Gura
The First finished historical past of Transcendentalism
American Transcendentalism is a complete narrative background of America's first crew of public intellectuals, the lads and girls who outlined American literature and indelibly marked American reform within the a long time ahead of and following the the US Civil battle. Philip F. Gura masterfully strains their highbrow family tree to transatlantic spiritual and philosophical rules, illustrating how those knowledgeable the fierce neighborhood theological debates that, so frequently first in Massachusetts and at last all through the USA, gave upward thrust to functional, own, and quixotic makes an attempt to enhance, even ideal the realm. The transcendentalists may painfully bifurcate over what may be attained and the way, one part epitomized by means of Ralph Waldo Emerson and stressing self-reliant individualism, the opposite by way of Orestes Brownson, George Ripley, and Theodore Parker, emphasizing dedication to the bigger social good.
By the 1850s, the uniquely American challenge of slavery dissolved ameliorations as transcendentalists grew to become ever extra solely to abolition. in addition to their early inheritance from ecu Romanticism, America's transcendentalists deserted their curiosity regularly humanitarian reform. by means of war's finish, transcendentalism had turn into pointed out solely with Emersonian self-reliance, congruent with the nationwide ethos of political liberalism and industry capitalism.
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The 1st accomplished background of Transcendentalism
American Transcendentalism is a accomplished narrative historical past of America's first workforce of public intellectuals, the boys and girls who outlined American literature and indelibly marked American reform within the a long time earlier than and following the the United States Civil warfare. Philip F. Gura masterfully lines their highbrow family tree to transatlantic non secular and philosophical principles, illustrating how those proficient the fierce neighborhood theological debates that, so frequently first in Massachusetts and finally all through the USA, gave upward thrust to functional, own, and quixotic makes an attempt to enhance, even excellent the realm. The transcendentalists may painfully bifurcate over what will be attained and the way, one part epitomized by way of Ralph Waldo Emerson and stressing self-reliant individualism, the opposite through Orestes Brownson, George Ripley, and Theodore Parker, emphasizing dedication to the bigger social good.
By the 1850s, the uniquely American challenge of slavery dissolved variations as transcendentalists became ever extra solely to abolition. in addition to their early inheritance from eu Romanticism, America's transcendentalists deserted their curiosity as a rule humanitarian reform. by means of war's finish, transcendentalism had turn into pointed out completely with Emersonian self-reliance, congruent with the nationwide ethos of political liberalism and marketplace capitalism.
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Extra info for American Transcendentalism: A History
Guide necessary along this ill-defined track. Ground subject to flooding and very muddy. Visibility 10 yds SIPEGULA is a village inland – inhabited. SIUAKE is deserted but recognized by clump of coconut trees. Track X is believed to be unknown to Japs therefore extreme caution necessary to keep well off beach before reaching turn-off. Is very hard to pick up. KEPERO Creek 10 yds W 3’ D. Log crossing poor flow. Walking on beach very heavy. Lagoon X approx. 200 yds long 120 yds wide slightly brackish; known as TOKORO.
General Bernard Montgomery Most Pacific islands were little-known to their wartime invaders. In films and fiction, the South Seas had been fantasized paradoxically as both free from and in need of the constraints of “civilized” societies, not only socially, but also environmentally. The Pacific islands largely lacked the physical structures and transformed landscapes that the invaders believed were technological markers of their own civilizations, but they were little prepared for this. An alien environment and the exigencies of war forced the invaders to recalibrate their mental pictures of imagined landscapes.
48 Yet other considerations could compromise this. Some Polynesian Walliseans were found to have a high level of TB, filariasis, leprosy, and dengue fever when the Americans arrived, partly because of the neglect for years by the 33 34 Chapter 2 Figure 2. In iconic “grass skirt,” young Samoa Siva dancer gives substance to Hollywood’s elusive South Seas dream, entertaining the marines, Apia, c. 1943 (courtesy of Apia Museum). ” The word “gook” alone was a label of derision on anyone with dark skin.