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So, like the probability of the first 76 atomic bomb explosion, some behaviour cannot be stated in terms of frequency. Nevertheless, it can be evaluated in terms of probabilities of many of the component events which can be based upon data in the form of frequencies, and any behaviour may be studied in terms of its component parts. How is the Science of Behaviour Related to Determinism? Skinner's psychology implies a strictly naturalistic determinism. He notes that a scientific conception of human behaviour dictates one practice and a philosophy of personal freedom another; and that a scientific conception of human behaviour entails the acceptance of an assumption of determinism.

6. Closely related to the problems stemming from number 5 above is the rule that all operations in a reflective act must be performed openly and in a fashion that will enable other competent persons to repeat them. Each act of reflection must be able to supply its own recipe, so to speak; or, stated in another way, it must be subject to operational description. A mechanic overhauling a carburetor can describe each step along the way, and, if I am bright enough, I can repeat it. So can you, or anyone else.

Skinner considers Thorndike's expression "trial and error learning" to be superfluous and out of place. " A Gestalt-field explanation of how the bird learns, of course, would be just this. 81 Skinner observes that the behaviour which is more likely to be reinforced is the more likely to occur. Presence of a cat is the occasion upon which the response "cat" is likely to be reinforced. However, a stimulus eliciting "cat" is in no way an essential part of the operant conditioning process. Operant reinforcement of a behaviour is contingent—dependent—upon a response, not the stimulus which gave rise to that response.

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