Sir Francis Drake (Explorers of the New Worlds)

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There is something very appealing to the popular imagination about such narratives. These two excerpts describe the capture and "division" of Africans, including "the first to be taken by Christians in their own land." [Azurara, The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea, ca. 1450] JOB HORTOP. There, the Portuguese would trade Chinese silks for the silver, and then use it for more trade with China, while the Spanish would take their silks on the even longer voyage back to Europe by way of America.

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1,000 Inventions & Discoveries

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In fact, it’s a great tool to be used on a scholastic level, allowing students to focus on the similarities and differences that separate film from history. “Black Robe Historical Analysis by Alishalynne1.” StudyMode. When they tried to land, Indians killed all but two of them. First oil from the Alvheim field is produced in June 2008. After a ten months' cruise Tasman returned to Batavia. And yet, in the Wikipedia entry on “Hawaii,” we read that: James Cook named the archipelago as the Sandwich Islands in honor of his sponsor.

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Christopher Columbus and the Age of Exploration in World

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In a few decades, the way that Europeans saw the world had been completely transformed. It made its first Mercury flyby on January 14, 2008, mapping more of Mercury’s surface. On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first people to reach the moon when their Apollo 11 lunar lander touched down in the Sea of Tranquility. Three East Texas missions are moved to San Antonio because of economic troubles.

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Smithsonian Readers: Endless Explorations Level 4

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I tried to pull myself up, but the whole of my body was stiff with cold. NO ORAL OR WRITTEN INFORMATION OR ADVICE GIVEN BY THE COMPANY OR AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF THE COMPANY SHALL CREATE A WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE CONSTITUTE A REPRESENTATION BINDING UPON THE COMPANY. Missionaries sought souls; whalers, sealers, and traders sought profits; administrators, pastoralists, and prospectors wanted farm land and goldfields. France also played a strong role in the New World, though its efforts were mainly confined to North America.

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Lewis and Clark: Explorers (Our People)

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It was indeed an anxious moment when, with war-drums beating, sixty-three "beautiful but cruel canoes" came skimming towards Stanley with some three hundred guns to his forty-four. Many countries wanted to find a route to Asia so they could get spices without having to buy from Italian or Egyptian traders. Built in the ports of China only, they are rowed with large oars, which may be compared to great masts.

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The Travels of Henry Hudson (Explorers and Exploration)

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first people to settle North America arrived as far as 40,000 years ago, may have crossed on a land bridge connecting Siberia and Alaska, successive generations migrated from Arctic Circle to South America, Native Americans then divided into hundreds of tribes, between 50 and 75 million in 1490s most Native Americans lived in semi-permanent settlements, each with a population not exceeding 300, men made tools and hunted, women grew crops, some were more nomadic like Sioux and Pawnee Southwest Native Americans, lived in multi-storied buildings and developed intricate irrigation systems, ANASAZIS east of the Mississippi river, prospered with a rich food supply Adena, Hopewell, Mississippian evolved in Mississippi and Ohio River valleys, supported by hunting, fishing, agriculture Mayans between 300 and 800 AD, built remarkable cities in the rain forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Aztecs in Central Mexico, Incas in Peru, developed highly organized societies, extensive trade, created calendars, Tenochtitlan was great in size around 1000, exploration to America had little effect, to Greenland and North America rebirth of classical learning of artistic and scientific activity known as the Renaissance, creative vitality was high, gradual increase in knowledge and technology, began to use gunpowder and the sailing compass, major improvements in shipbuilding and mapmaking, printing press aided spread of info Renaissance had intense religious zeal and conflict, Roman Catholic Church was threatened by Ottoman Turks and Protestant Revolt when Isabella and Ferdinand united their separate Christian kingdoms, only one Moorish stronghold remained, uniting of Spain was a sign of new leadership, hope, and power early 1500s, Germany, England, France, Holland, etc. revolted against the pope in Rome, Protestant Reformation, led to a series of religious war, caused each nation to want their own version of Christianity to be adopted, motive for exploration and colonization was added economic motives grew from fierce competition for increased trade with Africa, India, and China, land route from Venice to Constantinople was taken by the Turks Monarchs were gaining power in Europe, Spain, Portugal, France, England, Netherlands, monarchs depended on trade revenues and the Church's justification to justify their rule, Ferdinand and Isabella used their riches to explore over church wanted to sail West to get to the "Indies", 1492 received backing of Ferdinand and Isabella, had just defeated Moors, sent three ships for him, landed in the Bahamas on October 12, burst of glory for Span from gains he didn't find the Indies, but a "New World", incredible importance, great skills as a navigator, daring commitment in going where no on else had, brought about first permanent interaction between Europe and Native Americans contact between different peoples had huge effects, Native Americans introduced Europeans to beans, corn, sweet and white potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco, also infected them with syphilis, Europeans brought sugar cane, bluegrass, pigs, horses, introduced the wheel, iron, and guns, also smallpox and measles, incredible mortality rates 1494 Spain and Portugal broke up the New World holdings, the pope drew a line on the world map in 1493, giving Spain all lands west and Portugal lands east, line passed through Brazil, established Portugal's claim there Spain owed its success to conquistadores, sent ships loaded with gold and silver, made Spain richest nation in Europe, other nations went to America to seek same riches the King of Spain gave land grants and Native Americans to individuals Spaniards, Indians had to farm or work in the mines, fruits of labors went to Spanish masters, brutality reduced populations made earliest claims to territory in the New World, Italian sea captain, explored the coast of Newfoundland in 1497 didn't follow up Cabot's exploration, preoccupied with Henry XIII's break from the Roman Catholic Church 1570s and 1580s, challenged Spanish shipping in Atlantic and Pacific, attacked Spanish settlements in Peru attempted to establish a settlement at Roanoke Island off of North Carolina in 1587, failed Italian sponsored by French, hoped to find northwest passage to Asia, explored parts of North America's eastern coast, including New York Harbor unlike English, they were slow to develop colonies in the New World, preoccupied with European wars as well as with the internal religious conflicts between Roman Catholics and Protestant Huguenots settled the first permanent French Settlement in America, established in 1608 at Quebec, fortified village, "Father of New France", other explorers continued 1682 explored the Mississippi basin, which he named Louisiana experienced English seaman to seek a northwest passage, 1609 sailed up a broad river, expedition that established claims to surrounding areas that would become New Amsterdam defeat of Spanish Armada, increasing population and growing number of poor and landless people who were attracted to economic opportunity in Americas, economic depression, practical method for financing enterprises practical method for financing costly and risky enterprise of founding new colonies, pooled savings of people or moderate means and supported trading ventures that seemed potentially profitable first settlers suffered great hardship from Indian attacks, famine, disease, swampy area resulted in dysentery and malaria, settlers were unaccustomed to physical work, others were gold-seekers who refused to hunt or farm growing required large labor force, Virginia Company at first hoped to with need with indentured servants, first slaves arrived in 1619, growers began to employ combination of slavery and free labor people who, in exchange for free transportation to a colony, were obligated to work on plantation for a certain number of years Virginia Company made bad decisions that caused the colony to fall heavily into debt, charter was revoked in 1624, colony came under direct control of King James I, first royal colony Church of England, was Protestant because it was under control of English Monarch, rituals remembered Catholics, in the 1600s people wanted to change ceremonies and hierarchy of the church religious reformers who wanted to change ceremonies and hierarchy of the church, wanted to "purify" the church founded by the Pilgrims, found economic hardship and cultural differences in Holland, decided to settle new colony in America operated by Virginia Company of London rejected the idea of simply reforming the Church of England, wanted to organize a completely different church, one independent of religious freedom 100 passengers, one half were separatists, others motivated by economic gain, decided to settle in Massachusetts rather than Virginia saw half perish in the first year, settlers were able to adapt with help of Native Americans, celebrated good harvest at Thanksgiving, fish, furs, and lumbers group of Puritans gained royal charter for a new venture, 1629, John Winthrop led a thousand Puritans, founded Boston Pilgrims drew up and signed this document in 1620, pledged to make decisions by will of the majority, represented an early form of colonial self-government and an early written constitution, powers and duties of the government Virginia Company sought to encourage settlement in Jamestown by guaranteeing colonists the same rights they had in England, right to be represented in the lawmaking process, 1619 limited but important democratic actions, all free men had the right to participate in yearly elections of the colony's governor, his assistants, etc. sizable part of colonial population was excluded from process, only males could vote for representatives, female and landless had few rights, slave had none, colonial governors ruled with autocratic or unlimited powers, development of democracy gradually increased 1565 established a settlement at St.

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Lands Forlorn: A Story of an Expedition to Hearne's

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He concluded his report by asking for a little help from their Majesties, and in return he would bring them from his next voyage "as much gold as they need ... and as many slaves as they ask." In August 1901, Scott left the shores of England, and by way of New Zealand crossed the Antarctic Circle on 3rd January 1902. James's, and presented to His Majesty his Journal of his voyage, with some curious maps and charts of different places that he had drawn during the voyage; he was presented with a captain's commission."

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The Wilderness Tattoo: A Narrative of Juan Ortiz

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In another moment the ship was carried amongst the breakers and struck upon a coral reef. And just as men had travelled abroad to preach Christianity to those who knew it not, so now the Mohammedans set forth to teach the faith of their Lord and Master. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org 1. Laika travelled in a spacecraft known as Sputnik 2. From November to March four feet of snow lay upon the decks of their little ships.

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Explore with Lewis and Clark (Travel with the Great

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Today there are over 500 working satellites in space. But some of us don't, and some of us have two eyes, but can only see out of one of them. There are a lot of things you can do with Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works if you follow the terms of this agreement and help preserve free future access to Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works. Channel samples from some of the deeper workings assayed up to 0.65 ounces of gold per ton over 5-foot intercepts.

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Meeting Natives with Lewis and Clark

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In 1885 Chinese Turkestan and northern Thibet were explored by A. In 1927 the survivors' campsite on the river was discovered. B) He bears much of the blame for oppressing Native American peoples in North America. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. “History at the Movies: The Early Modern Years.” MO3955 –. I want to sail west across the ocean. but I need money for ships and supplies. What if he had lost his brother Paul and over one hundred of his men after his two years' absence, he had discovered the ocean-route to India—a discovery more far-reaching than he had any idea of at this time. "And the King," relates the old historian, "overjoyed at his coming, sent a Nobleman and several Gentlemen to bring him to Court; where, being arrived through Crowds of Spectators, he was received with extraordinary honour.

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